Nathan Brown on the Muslim Brotherhood
Date: February 14th, 2011
In order to provide greater historical context to the protests occuring in contemporary Egypt (January/February 2011), Prof. Nathan J. Brown of The George Washington University and the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace discusses the origins and impact of the Muslim Brotherhood. We trace the origins of the organization to the 1920s when Hassan al-Banna, a middle-class school teacher, created the organization in partial response to Christian missionaries and perceived social needs in Egyptian society. We then trace the history of the Brotherhood through the Egyptian monarchy in the 1930s and 40s, the assasination of al-Banna, the rise of Gamal Abdel Nasser, and the presidency of Anwar Sadat. Prof. Brown shows how the relations between these various political regimes waxed and waned over time. We continue our historical discussion with an examination of how the Muslim Brotherhood became an international organization, and how each of its different branches around the world retain some degree of national autonomy. Our podcast concludes by examining the Muslim Brotherhood under the rule of Hosni Mubarak and what role the Brotherhood has been playing during the recent series of protests in Egypt. Recorded: February 7, 2011.
Prof. Nathan Brown’s website at George Washington University (including links to various articles and op-eds).
Prof. Nathan Brown’s biography at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
Between Religion and Politics by Nathan J. Brown and Amr Hamzawy.
The Rule of Law in the Arab World: Courts in Egypt and the Gulf by Nathan J. Brown.
Palestinian Politics after the Oslo Accords by Nathan J. Brown.
Eli Berman on Religious Terrorism.